According to Plato and Aristotle each symbol have meanings of «sounds, visuals, human behavior, and weather conditions», and every symbol character has an abbreviated meaning.


Α - Β - Γ - Δ - Ε - Ζ - Η - Θ - Ι - Κ - Λ - Μ - Ν - Ξ - Ο - Π - Ρ - Σ - Τ - Υ - Φ - Χ - Ψ - Ω


Archaeological findings of Greek writing in northern Greece have been discovered,
estimating an age of 11.000 years old.


Greek  Archaic similar Ionic Alphabet, long before the Phoenicians claim the originality of the alphabet.
Another proof that the Alphabet is Hellenic.

Evidence for the origins of the Greek Alphabet

Phoenicians sea-going traders, and merchants adapting the Greek Alphabet, and introducing it to the Mediterranean countries, giving the impression that the Alphabet was Phoenician, for this responsible was Greek historian Herodotus, confusing «recent Cadmus (=Κάδμος)»  with the older Cadmus, who appeared the same era with Zeus, as we read in the Greek historian Hesiodus in «Theogony» (lines 937,975,978) and in Homer's  (Odyssey E. 299-333-335).


Symbol K visually is the splitting act mostly of dry wood, or stone giving a sharp dry noise (ka,ka,ka,- ke,ke,ke), ΚΑΓΚ (=KAG) also carving and giving shape to hard objects to create useful things furniture, tools, pots, etc. Splitting. Words (Κράτος (=nation), κάρα(=κεφαλή(=head =split in battle).
The word κύκλος(=circle) took its name from the bird of prey the hawk (=kirkinezi),   the hawk very common to the Greek mountains, circling the sky for prey the direction of a circle=(κύκλος) and sounding it's voice kirk,kirk,kirk giving the word κύκλος =circle, circus 
  ΚΙΡΚΟΣ (=circus) ΚΡΙΚΟΣ (=ring).
Cyclops (=Κύκλωπες) took their names of the technique to build big and tall walls (Cyclopean walls) protecting their cave and stock, the shape of a circle living a small opening as a passage. The myth that Cyclops where monsters with one eye is not a fact, but they considered as strong wealthy selfish and ruthless (not having an eye for the poor), they where the first herdsman people to capture the animals and breed them, and to create the first communities. Centaurs (man on horseback the first cowboys) (=Κένταυρος) κεντά=prick or jab + ταύρος=bull) prick the bull with a long rod or cane.
The Greek symbol C used until the Byzantine era, replaced then by K.

Code meaning:
ΚΟΠΤΩ (cutting, Splitting),
ΔΙΑΧΩΡΙΖΩ (sorting)

Meaningful extensions:
ΚΑΘΑΡΣΗΣ (to clean),  
καλός (good), κακός (bad), depose, remove, empty


Tips for pronouncing those letters which are pronounced differently from the equivalent English letters.

upper case

lower case



Κ,κ - (Κάππα - Kappa)
click for sound

 "krater" - "cat" - "calf" - "kill" - "Queen"



Qόμη- κόμη=hair


The band holding the hair is Q

Linear B

 Qόραξ, Qοσμία, ΓλάυQος, ΈQτορ, ΠάτροQλος, etc. 

Latin symbols where also Greek originating from Evia near the city of Kimi.  
Q was replaced by K, and other Latin symbols where excluded from the Greek Alphabet.
The Greek symbol C used until the Byzantine era, replaced then by K
 Κόμη (=hair)  -  Κουρέας (=barber), Κομμωτης (=hairdresser)  


Every European country is using today at least 5.000 ancient Greek words used as seedlings to create other new words, the English are using  8.000 words, plus other European and non European countries. 
Below is some examples in English.

Καίω (kaeo)=caustic, cautious, caution--Καλάμη (calami)=calamus 
Κακός (cacos)=cacogenesis, cacoepy, cacodoxy, cacology, cacopathy  
Κλήρος (kliros)=Cleric,clergy,clerk--Κάλλος (calos)=calligram, calligraphy 
Κάλυξ (calyx)=calyx--Καρδίη (cardii)=cardiac, cardiogram, plus many more   
Καρκαίρω (carkaeo)=crack, cracked--Καρκίνος (carkinos)=cancer 
Καρπός (carpos)=crop--Κατά (cata...)=catabolic, catabiosis, cataclysm, etc
Κέντρον (kentron)=center, centralize, centrifugal--Κιθάρα (kithara)=guitar
Κεραμεύς (ceramefs)=ceramics--Κίνυμαι (kinimae)=cinema, cinematography
Κίρκος (kircos)=cirque, circle, circulation, circumstance, etc, etc
Κλέπτω (klepto)=clepsydra, cleptobiosis, kleptomania, kleptomaniac 
Κλίμαξ (klimax)=climax--Κλίνω (klino)=decline, declination, clinique
Κνήμη (knimi)=cnemial, knee--Κολλητός (colitos)=collage, colloid, colleague 
Κόλπος (colpos)=gulf--Κόπτω (copto)=cut,cutting--Κορωνίς (coronis)=crown
Κόσμος (cosmos)=cosmology, cosmonaught, cosmogonies, cosmogenesis, etc  
Κρανίον (cranion)=cranial, craniognosis, cranioscopy, cranium
Κρέας (creas)=creatic, ceophagy, carnage, carnival, carnivorous
Κύκλος (kyclos)=cycle, cyclical, cyclone--Κύκλωπες (kyclopes)=Cyclops
Κροταλίζω (crotalizo)=rattle--Κρυόεις (cryois)=cryogen, cryogenics, cryonics 
Κρύπτω (crypto)=cryptograph, cryptanalysis, cryptology 
Κρύσταλλος (crystallos)=crystal, crystallize--Κρόμυον (cromion)=onion
Κτύπος (ktypos)=typos, typical, typist, typography--Κύπελλον (kypelon)=cup  
Κυβερνήτης (kiveritis)=government, governor, etc--Κρατήρ (cratir)=crater
Κυλίνδω (kylindo)=cylinder, cylindrical--Κυνέω (kineo)=kiss, kissing
Κύστις (kystis)=cystitis, cystoid, cystoma, cystectomy
Κύων (kyon)=cynical, cynoid, cynodont, etc
Κώμα (coma)=comatose, coma-Κώμος (comos)=comedy, comedian,comedist
ΚΟΣΤΑΣ ΔΟΥΚΑΣ Εκδόσεις Γεωργιάδη Σόλωνος 114 Αθήναι